Ponagar Cham Tower
A rich cultural tourist destination
Ponagar Cham Tower was constructed in the period from the 8th century to the 13th century. Therefore, if you want to visit a rich cultural site in Nha Trang, Ponagar Cham Tower will be an ideal choice.
Ponagar Cham Towers were built during the Hindu period in the ancient Champa Kingdom (Vương Quốc Chăm pa). It is located on a hill, which is 50 meters above the sea level, and in the estuary of the Cai river door. These Cham towers were used by Cham, Chinese and Vietnamese monks to worship.
The Architecture Of Ponagar Cham Towers
Ponagar Cham Tower represents Cham’s art and culture in Nha Trang. Moreover, it is also a famous tourist destination that attracts numerous travelers visiting.
Ponagar Cham Towers Nha Trang has three floors:
The lowest floor: it is the ground floor, but today there is no path to the middle floor from the lowest floor.
The middle floor: It is Mandapa (living room) for guest to rest or prepare to celebrate. The height of the floor is 20 meter. While its width is 15 meters. The middle floor is inclusive of 4 octagonal columns. On large columns, there are carved parts and symmetrical with the tops of the small columns.
The top floor: The site brings a beauty rich in Cham culture and art. The bricks are tied together with a binder that we cannot see.
The highlights of Ponagar Cham Towers
In history, Cham was ancient civilization influencing Southeast Asia, particularly in Vietnam and Cambodia. The Cham dominated Vietnam for 100 years; therefore, their architectural construction and culture have a significant impact on the whole country. It is said that the Cham people were originated from Indian Buddhism. Therefore, we can recognize some similar features between Ponagar Tower in Nha Trang and Angkor Watt.
Nowadays, the towers have changed over time and their designs just look a little same in comparison to the original one. Four Ponagar Cham Towers today are truly imposing and unique. Each tower was constructed to worship a deity.
The largest tower has the height of 23m and consists of 4 floors. Each floor is inclusive of doors, statues, and animals with unique shapes. Especially, there is a heart and a statue symbolizing Ponagar. The legend is that Ponagar invented new agricultural and weaving techniques and instructed locals to do. With gratitude, they built the complex to honor the goddess.
Coming into the tower, tourists also have a chance to admire the statue of the goddess who sits on a lotus stone pedestal. This statue has a height of 2.6 meters and made up of black granite. At the top of the tower, there is a statue of the god Shiva who rides the god Nandin and statues of mascots like goats, birds, and elephants. Moreover, the tower facade is designed with stone sculptures expressing the daily life of ancient people.
The east door leads into a side corridor, with two stone statues describing goddess Durga dancing between two musicians. When you step into the tower, you will feel a mysterious atmosphere because of the lack of light.
The last part of the tower has a stone statue of Mrs. Po Nagar with ten arms. The statue is the image of Mrs. Po Nagar with two main hands put on her knees.
On the other hand, the remain of the hands hold things like a plate, a bow, and an olive tree, etc. These mascots symbolize the boundless of the goodness.
Visiting the tower, it is surely that travelers will immerse themselves in a diverse and old culture
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The center of the tower is the place to worship Cri Cambhu, who is an incarnation of Shiva and blesses the devotees with fertility. While
If you are a sucker of history, you will be strongly amazed to watch a variety of ancient relics inside the tower.
You also can take time to snap some photos of a beautiful view of Cai river and a village near there
If tourists like to discover the charming beauty of the Cham culture, you can enjoy some traditional dance shows. Keep in mind that this spot has a religious significance; therefore you should take off the shoes and put on properly respectful clothes before stepping into.
How To Get There?
The entrance fee is so cheap. it is only about 1 dollar. The opening hour is 7 and it closes at 7 PM. You can travel to this beautiful site by car and motorbike.
What To Do In Ponagar Cham Tower?
Each year, the festival at the Ponagar Cham Tower is held from 21st to 23rd March of the Lunar Calendar. At that time, many traditional Cham activities will be done. And of course, the tower is filled with so many visitors gathering to honor their goddess.
Travelers coming to this seaside city in the festive season will mingle with the crowd to partake the meaningful festival activities. In addition, tourists also have the opportunity to learn more unique culture of the Cham people as well as the mystery of Ponagar Cham Tower symbolizing an ancient kingdom.
The above is general information about